How Does Osteogenesis Imperfecta Affect A Person’S Life?

How does osteogenesis imperfecta affect the body?

Osteogenesis imperfecta, also known as brittle bone disease, is a genetic disorder that causes bones to break easily without cause.

The condition affects the body’s ability to produce collagen, a protein in the body’s connective tissue..

Is Oi a disability?

Most people with OI experience physical disability. OI also can cause weak muscles, brittle teeth, a curved spine, and hearing loss. Most forms of OI are caused by abnormal genes that are passed down from one or both parents to their children. There are currently 11 types of OI.

Is Osteogenesis Imperfecta a type of dwarfism?

Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) Type III is a dwarfism condition, with adults generally reaching a height of three feet, although profound short stature is often associated with the other three types as well.

What is osteogenesis imperfecta Type 4?

Osteogenesis imperfecta type IV is a moderate type of osteogenesis imperfecta (OI; see this term), a genetic disorder characterized by increased bone fragility, low bone mass and susceptibility to bone fractures.

Can osteogenesis imperfecta be detected before birth?

If OI is moderate or severe, health care providers usually diagnose it during prenatal ultrasound at 18 to 24 weeks of pregnancy. If a parent or sibling has OI, a health care provider can test the DNA of the fetus for the presence of an OI mutation.

How does osteogenesis imperfecta affect the respiratory system?

People with moderate and severe OI are more vulnerable to viral and bacterial respiratory infection of upper and lower airways, as well as lung problems, including asthma and pneumonia. Patients with OI have a higher risk of death from respiratory diseases.

Does osteogenesis imperfecta get worse with age?

It causes bones to break easily. In type 3 OI, your child’s body produces enough collagen but it’s poor quality. Your child’s bones can even begin to break before birth. Bone deformities are common and may get worse as your child gets older.

What is wrong with Byron the Baxter boy?

When you listen to 3-year-old Byron Baxter laugh and talk, you’d never know anything was wrong with him. But he was born with a rare condition called osteogenesis imperfecta, or brittle bone disease.

Does brittle bone disease affect teeth?

Osteogenesis Imperfecta (OI) is always associated with bone fragility. In addition, OI may affect the growth of the jaws and may or may not affect the teeth. About half of the people who have OI have teeth that appear normal, and their major concerns are routine care.

What disease does Byron Baxter have?

That’s because Byron is living with a brittle bone disease, a rare genetic condition with no cure. Doctors call it osteogenesis imperfecta, which means “imperfectly formed bone.”

Where is osteogenesis imperfecta most common?

OI type II is estimated to occur in one in 60,000 live births. The overall prevalence of all types of OI is estimated at . 5 per 10,000 individuals in the United States. Approximately 20,000 to 50,000 individuals in the United States have OI.

Who is most affected by osteogenesis imperfecta?

OI occurs in approximately 1 in 20,000 individuals, including people diagnosed after birth. OI occurs with equal frequency among males and females and among racial and ethnic groups. Life expectancy varies depending on how severe the OI is, ranging from very brief (lethal form, OI type II) to average.

How long does someone with brittle bone disease live?

The prognosis for infants with the most severe form of osteogenesis imperfecta is poor, and most children may not live beyond a few weeks. The prognosis for those with milder forms of the condition who receive good medical management is much better, and many people may have average lifespans.

How does someone get osteogenesis imperfecta?

Causes. Osteogenesis imperfecta can be caused by mutations in one of several genes. Mutations in the COL1A1 and COL1A2 genes cause approximately 90 percent of all cases. These genes provide instructions for making proteins that are used to assemble type I collagen.

What organs are affected by brittle bone disease?

Risk Factors for Osteogenesis imperfecta (Brittle bone disease) OI is actually a connective tissue disorder, resulting from the defective synthesis of a protein called collagen, which is a structual component of bones, tendons, eyes, organs and skin. OI is genetically inherited.