- How can polio be transmitted?
- Can you get polio twice?
- Can you still get polio if vaccinated?
- Where did polio originally come from?
- Can we give polio drops twice in a month?
- Do adults need a polio booster?
- Is it OK to have polio vaccine twice?
- How do you test for polio immunity?
- What happens if my child gets the same vaccine twice?
- How many polio drops in a year?
- Do people still get polio?
- How long is a polio vaccine good for?
- How often should polio vaccine be given?
- What does Polio do to muscles?
- What is the key symptom of polio?
- How long do polio survivors live?
- Why is polio vaccine important for the children?
- Is polio vaccine lifelong?
- Why polio vaccine is given again and again?
- What if polio vaccine is missed?
- When did they stop giving polio vaccine?
How can polio be transmitted?
Poliovirus only infects people.
It enters the body through the mouth and spreads through: Contact with the feces (poop) of an infected person.
Droplets from a sneeze or cough of an infected person (less common)..
Can you get polio twice?
Does past infection with polio make a person immune? There are three types of polio virus. Lifelong immunity usually depends on which type of virus a person contracts. Second attacks are rare and result from infection with a polio virus of a different type than the first attack.
Can you still get polio if vaccinated?
No, thanks to a successful vaccination program, the United States has been polio-free for more than 30 years, but the disease still occurs in other parts of the world. It would only take one person with polio traveling from another country to bring polio back to the United States.
Where did polio originally come from?
Like a horror movie, throughout the first half of the 20th century, the polio virus arrived each summer, striking without warning. No one knew how polio was transmitted or what caused it. There were wild theories that the virus spread from imported bananas or stray cats. There was no known cure or vaccine.
Can we give polio drops twice in a month?
A:Pulse Polio drops should be given as and when the cyclical polio campaign comes around. If a second dose of pulse polio vaccine was repeated accidentally, the child should come to no harm.
Do adults need a polio booster?
Routine poliovirus vaccination of U.S. adults (i.e., persons aged >18 years) is not necessary. Most adults do not need polio vaccine because they were already vaccinated as children and their risk of exposure to polioviruses in the United States is minimal.
Is it OK to have polio vaccine twice?
Yes, it is safe for your child to receive three (or more) injections at one time. Many countries have already been doing this and have proven that it is generally safe for the child to receive multiple injections during the same visit.
How do you test for polio immunity?
Polio Titer test is used to check for immunity to Polio. Polio is a viral disease that affects the nervous system and can cause partial or full paralysis. This test provides antibody levels for Poliovirus type 1, and 3.
What happens if my child gets the same vaccine twice?
Is there any danger from receiving extra doses of a vaccine? Most of the time, your risk of serious side effects does not increase if you get extra doses of a vaccine. Getting extra doses of oral vaccines, such as rotavirus or typhoid, is not known to cause any problems.
How many polio drops in a year?
Polio immunization is a cost free service available at the Government health facilities for your child. Two polio drops are administered along with Routine Immunization at government health facilities and during NIDs/SNIDs for you and your child’s convenience.
Do people still get polio?
Polio does still exist, although polio cases have decreased by over 99% since 1988, from an estimated more than 350 000 cases to 22 reported cases in 2017. This reduction is the result of the global effort to eradicate the disease.
How long is a polio vaccine good for?
The last dose in either series should be given after 4 years of age and at least 6 months after the previous dose.
How often should polio vaccine be given?
OPV is the WHO-recommended vaccine for the global eradication of polio. Each child requires just two drops per dose to be immunized against polio. Usually administered four times if the EPI schedule is followed, OPV is safe and effective in providing protection against the paralyzing poliovirus.
What does Polio do to muscles?
When it multiplies in the nervous system, the virus can destroy nerve cells (motor neurons) which activate skeletal muscles. These nerve cells cannot regenerate, and the affected muscles lose their function due to a lack of nervous enervation – a condition known as acute flaccid paralysis (AFP).
What is the key symptom of polio?
Initial signs and symptoms of paralytic polio, such as fever and headache, often mimic those of nonparalytic polio. Within a week, however, other signs and symptoms appear, including: Loss of reflexes. Severe muscle aches or weakness.
How long do polio survivors live?
For years, most polio survivors lived active lives, their memory of polio mainly forgotten, their health status stable. But by the late 1970s, survivors who were 20 or more years past their original diagnosis began noting new problems, including fatigue, pain, breathing or swallowing problems, and additional weakness.
Why is polio vaccine important for the children?
Using both vaccines together provides the best form of protection from polio. The additional dose of IPV will help protect your child against polio disease even more – and will give your child the benefits of both vaccines. polio, protecting both your child and children in our community.
Is polio vaccine lifelong?
The polio vaccine provides lifelong immunity and is the only means of polio prevention. There are two types currently available: the oral polio vaccine (OPV) and the inactivated polio vaccine (IPV). The vaccine results in humoral (circulating antibody) and mucosal (secretory immunoglobulin A) immune responses (27).
Why polio vaccine is given again and again?
The oral polio vaccine is effective as it not only protects the children from contracting the virus, but also prevents them from carrying the virus in their intestines. Several doses need to be given spaced apart to build sufficient immunity, especially in areas where poor nutrition can weaken immune systems.
What if polio vaccine is missed?
Polio vaccines are of two kinds, oral and injectable. If injectable has been given but you have missed the oral, you can go to a hospital and give that one as well. Both are important and have to be given. Do not worry if you have missed a dose.
When did they stop giving polio vaccine?
OPV was recommended for use in the United States for almost 40 years, from 1963 until 2000. The results have been miraculous: Polio was eliminated from the United States in 1979 and from the Western Hemisphere in 1991. Since 2000, only IPV is recommended to prevent polio in the United States.