Quick Answer: What Are 3 Examples Of Infectious Diseases?

What are the examples of contagious diseases?

Common examples of contagious viral diseases include the flu, the common cold, HIV, and herpes.

Other types of viral diseases spread through other means, such as the bite of an infected insect..

What is difference between infectious and contagious?

Some — but not all — infectious diseases spread directly from one person to another. Infectious diseases that spread from person to person are said to be contagious. Some infections spread to people from an animal or insect, but are not contagious from another human.

What is a bacterial disease?

Bacterial diseases include any type of illness caused by bacteria. Bacteria are a type of microorganism, which are tiny forms of life that can only be seen with a microscope. Other types of microorganisms include viruses, some fungi, and some parasites.

What are non infectious diseases Class 9?

For example: Tuberculosis, tetanus, Common cold, AIDS, etc. Non-infectious Diseases: The disease which does not spread by contact between infected and healthy person through air and water, is called non-infectious disease. For example: Cancer, genetic abnormalities, high blood pressure, etc.

What is a non infectious disease next Give 5 examples?

A non-communicable disease (NCD) is a disease that is not transmissible directly from one person to another. NCDs include Parkinson’s disease, autoimmune diseases, strokes, most heart diseases, most cancers, diabetes, chronic kidney disease, osteoarthritis, osteoporosis, Alzheimer’s disease, cataracts, and others.

What’s the worst disease in history?

20 of the worst epidemics and pandemics in historyFlu pandemic: 1889-1890. … American polio epidemic: 1916. … Spanish Flu: 1918-1920. … Asian Flu: 1957-1958. … AIDS pandemic and epidemic: 1981-present day. … H1N1 Swine Flu pandemic: 2009-2010. … West African Ebola epidemic: 2014-2016. … Zika Virus epidemic: 2015-present day.More items…•

What is an example of infectious disease?

Infectious diseases are diseases caused by living organisms like viruses and bacteria. They can be passed from person to person through body secretions, insects or other means. Examples are SARS, influenza, the common cold, tuberculosis (TB), Hepatitis A and B.

Who most common infectious diseases?

The 5 Most Common Infectious DiseasesHepatitis B. According to current statistics, hepatitis B is the most common infectious disease in the world, affecting some 2 billion people — that’s more than one-quarter of the world’s population. … Malaria. … Hepatitis C. … Dengue. … Tuberculosis.

What are the 7 pathogens?

Infectious diseases are caused by pathogens, which include bacteria, fungi, protozoa, worms, viruses, and even infectious proteins called prions.

What are the 4 types of infectious diseases?

A variety of microorganisms can cause disease. Pathogenic organisms are of five main types: viruses, bacteria, fungi, protozoa, and worms.

What are 5 infectious diseases?

Protect yourself and your family from preventable infectious diseasesCoronaviruses. … Diphtheria. … Ebola. … Flu (Influenza) … Hepatitis. … Hib Disease. … HIV/AIDS. … HPV (Human Papillomavirus)More items…

Which is the most contagious disease?

Common cold – This is the most highly contagious and the most common infectious disease in humans. This is an infection that has been a common thing since the existence of humanity.

What are 5 non infectious diseases?

The four main types of noncommunicable diseases include cardiovascular disease, cancer, chronic respiratory disease, and diabetes….Chronic respiratory diseasechronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)asthma.occupational lung diseases, such as black lung.pulmonary hypertension.cystic fibrosis.

What is the most common bacterial infection?

Some of the most common bacterial infections include:Salmonella is a type of infection often described as food poisoning. … Escherichia coli (E. … Tuberculosis is a highly contagious disease caused by the Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteria.More items…

What are 3 examples of non infectious diseases?

Examples of Noninfectious DiseasesCystic Fibrosis. Cystic fibrosis is an example of a genetic noninfectious disease. … Cancer. Cancer is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body. … Cardiovascular Disease. … Type 2 Diabetes.

What are 5 common types of infectious diseases?

Common Infectious DiseasesChickenpox.Common cold.Diphtheria.E. coli.Giardiasis.HIV/AIDS.Infectious mononucleosis.Influenza (flu)More items…

What are the 10 most common diseases?

Heart disease. Share on Pinterest Many of the top 10 causes of death are preventable through lifestyle changes and regular checkups. … Cancer. Deaths in 2017: 599,108. … Unintentional injuries. … Chronic lower respiratory disease. … Stroke and cerebrovascular diseases. … Alzheimer’s disease. … Diabetes. … Influenza and pneumonia.More items…•

What is the most rare disease?

Five rare diseases you never knew existedStoneman Syndrome. Frequency: one in two million people. … Alice In Wonderland Syndrome (AIWS) Frequency: currently unknown. … Hutchinson-Gilford Progeria Syndrome (HGPS) Frequency: one in four million. … Alkaptonuria. Frequency: one in one million people globally. … Chronic Focal Encephalitis (Rasmussen’s Encephalitis)

How are infectious diseases classified?

The agents of infection can be divided into different groups on the basis of their size, biochemical characteristics, or manner in which they interact with the human host. The groups of organisms that cause infectious diseases are categorized as bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites.

What disease kills the fastest?

Flesh Eating Bug. This bug can quickly sweep through the body eating the body’s soft tissue. … Cholera. This is an intestinal disease caused by eating contaminated water or food and can kill anyone within hours. … Enterovirus D68. … Bubonic Plague. … Ebola. … Dengue Fever.

Which disease has no cure?

HIV/AIDS – No cure exists for HIV/AIDS, but medication exists that can help control the symptoms of it. Huntington’s disease – Inherited disease that causes the progressive breakdown (degeneration) of nerve cells in the brain. Hydrocephalus – No cure exists for this (physical)neurological disorder.