Quick Answer: What Are Common Muscle Diseases?

What is a muscular disease?

Overview.

Muscular dystrophy is a group of diseases that cause progressive weakness and loss of muscle mass.

In muscular dystrophy, abnormal genes (mutations) interfere with the production of proteins needed to form healthy muscle..

What are four disorders of the muscular system?

Related Health TopicsFibromyalgia.Movement Disorders.Multiple Sclerosis.Muscle Cramps.Muscular Dystrophy.Myasthenia Gravis.Myositis.Neuromuscular Disorders.More items…•

What diseases affect joints and muscles?

Multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, and polymyalgia rheumatica are three types of autoimmune disorders that affect the muscles, joints, and nerves. Autoimmune disorders occur when the body’s own immune system goes haywire and starts attacking healthy tissue.

What does myositis feel like?

Symptoms of polymyositis Polymyositis affects many different muscles, particularly around the neck, shoulders, back, hips and thighs. Symptoms of polymyositis include: muscle weakness. aching or painful muscles and feeling very tired.

What does muscular pain feel like?

Muscle pain can feel different—aching, cramping, stabbing, or burning—depending on what’s behind it. In the end, diagnosing the reason for your muscle pain requires a medical history, physical examination, and sometimes, blood and/or imaging tests.

What are the most common muscle diseases?

Types of neuromuscular disorders include:Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease.Multiple sclerosis.Muscular dystrophy.Myasthenia gravis.Myopathy.Myositis, including polymyositis and dermatomyositis.Peripheral neuropathy.More items…

What disease attacks the muscles?

Polymyositis is a disease that causes muscles to become irritated and inflamed. The muscles eventually start to break down and become weak. The condition can affect muscles all over the body.

What are the 7 most common diseases of the skeletal system?

Other common conditions that affect the skeletal system include:Osteoporosis: This is a disease in which the bones become fragile and prone to fracture.Leukemia: This is a cancer of the white blood cells.Osteopenia, osteitis deformans, and osteomalacia: Similar to osteoporosis, these are other types of bone loss.More items…

How do you know if you have myositis?

Symptoms of myositis can include muscle weakness, muscle pain and muscle tenderness. Other symptoms vary, depending on the specific cause of myositis: Idiopathic inflammatory myopathies. These conditions typically cause painless muscle weakness that develops slowly over weeks, months or years.

What is primary muscle disease?

The myopathies are neuromuscular disorders in which the primary symptom is muscle weakness due to dysfunction of muscle fiber. Other symptoms of myopathy can include include muscle cramps, stiffness, and spasm. Myopathies can be inherited (such as the muscular dystrophies) or acquired (such as common muscle cramps).

What disease eats away at your muscles?

Muscular dystrophy is a group of inherited diseases characterized by weakness and wasting away of muscle tissue, with or without the breakdown of nerve tissue.

What are the symptoms of muscle wasting?

The common symptoms associated with muscle wasting include:Loss of muscle coordination.Weakness or numbness in the limbs.Impaired balance while walking.Tingling or weakness of the extremities.Fatigue and a general feeling of illness.Progressive weakness.Facial weakness.Gradual memory loss.

What is the largest muscle in the body?

gluteus maximusThe gluteus maximus is the largest muscle in the human body. It is large and powerful because it has the job of keeping the trunk of the body in an erect posture. It is the chief antigravity muscle that aids in walking up stairs. The hardest working muscle is the heart.

What’s the weakest muscle in your body?

stapediusThe stapedius is the smallest skeletal muscle in the human body. At just over one millimeter in length, its purpose is to stabilize the smallest bone in the body, the stapes….Stapedius muscle.StapediusTA22103FMA49027Anatomical terms of muscle12 more rows

What is the first symptom of facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy?

Facial weakness is often the first sign of FSHD. It may not be noticed right away by people with FSHD and usually is brought to their attention by somebody else. The muscles most affected are those that surround the eyes and mouth.