Quick Answer: What Is Transverse Plane In Anatomy?

Where is transverse plane found in the body?

The transverse plane (axial or X-Z plane) divides the body into superior and inferior (head and tail) portions.

It is typically a horizontal plane through the center of the body and is parallel to the ground..

What is the difference between sagittal frontal and transverse planes?

Sagittal Plane: Cuts the body into left and right halves. … Frontal Plane: Cuts the body into front and back halves. Side-to-side movements. Transverse Plane: Cuts the body into top and bottom halves.

Is the wrist distal to the elbow?

The wrist joint is distal to the elbow joint. The scaphoid lies in the proximal row of carpal bones. The knee joint is proximal to the ankle joint.

What direction is dorsal?

Dorsal: In humans, toward the back of the torso. The shoulder blades are dorsal to the ribs. Ventral: In humans, toward the front of the torso. The navel is on the ventral aspect of the body.

Is axial and transverse the same?

A transverse (also known as axial or horizontal) plane is parallel to the ground; in humans it separates the superior from the inferior, or put another way, the head from the feet. … A sagittal (also known as anteroposterior) plane is perpendicular to the ground, separating left from right.

How do you train a transverse plane?

Any lateral (side) movement i.e. dumbbell lateral raises and lateral lunges. Transverse Plane – This plane divides the body into top and bottom halves. Movements in the transverse plane are rotational, both internal and external rotation. i.e. horizontal wood chop, medicine ball throws.

Is dorsal a top or bottom?

The dorsal (from Latin dorsum ‘back’) surface of an organism refers to the back, or upper side, of an organism. If talking about the skull, the dorsal side is the top. The ventral (from Latin venter ‘belly’) surface refers to the front, or lower side, of an organism.

What’s the difference between longitudinal cross transverse and horizontal cuts?

A longitudinal section would be along the length while a transverse section is across the length… also called a cross section. The word “transverse” is used when there is a natural direction like current in a wire. … A longitudinal section would make the cut parallel to the wire instead of across it.

What is the opposite of transverse?

transverse. Antonyms: parallel, rectilinear. Synonyms: athwart, crosswise, across, rectangular.

Is transverse the same as cross section?

transverse plane – (cross-section, horizontal plane, axial plane, or transaxial plane) is plane that divides the body into superior and inferior parts and is perpendicular to the coronal and sagittal planes.

What is a longitudinal cut?

Longitudinal section: A section that is cut along the long axis of a structure. Longitudinal section is the opposite of cross-section.

How does a transverse plane separate the body?

Transverse plane – a horizontal line which divides the body into an upper (superior) section and a lower (inferior) section.

What are the 4 planes of the body?

The anatomical planes are four imaginary flat surfaces or planes that pass through the body in the anatomical position. They are the median plane, sagittal planes, coronal (frontal) planes and horizontal (transverse) planes (figure 2). Anatomical descriptions are also based on these planes.

What is a transverse cut?

Transverse plane—A horizontal cut that separates the top from the bottom of the specimen. Also known as a cross-sectional plane. Midsagittal plane—A vertical cut down the exact center line of the specimen that separates the left half from the right half.

What are the 3 major body cavities?

Ventral body cavity–the thoracic cavity, the abdominal cavity, and the pelvic cavity in combination. Thoracic cavity–the space occupied by the ventral internal organs superior to the diaphragm. Abdominopelvic cavity–the abdominal cavity and the pelvic cavity in combination.

Is the thumb medial to the pinky?

The medial surface of the arm faces the trunk. The pinky is medial to the thumb. The thigh joins to the lateral border of the pelvis. The thumb is lateral to the pinky.

What are the 8 body cavities?

Terms in this set (8)Body Cavaties. Essential function of body cavities: … Serous Membranes. Line of body cavities and cover organs. … Thoracic Cavity. Right and left pleural cavities (contain right and left lungs) … Ventral body cavity (coelom) … Abdominopelvic Cavity. … Abdominopelvic cavity. … Retroperitoneal space. … Pelvic cavity.

What does transverse view mean?

a cross section obtained by slicing, actually or through imaging techniques, the body or any part of the body structure, in a horizontal plane, that is, a plane that intersects the longitudinal axis at a right angle. … By convention, in medical imaging transverse sections usually demonstrate the former.

What are the 3 body cavities?

Humans have four body cavities: (1) the dorsal body cavity that encloses the brain and spinal cord; (2) the thoracic cavity that encloses the heart and lungs; (3) the abdominal cavity that encloses most of the digestive organs and kidneys; and (4) the pelvic cavity that encloses the bladder and reproductive organs.

What is the difference between horizontal and transverse plane?

When used as nouns, horizontal plane means any plane that divides the body into superior and inferior parts, roughly perpendicular to spine, whereas transverse plane means any plane that divides the body into superior and inferior parts, roughly perpendicular to spine.

How many transverse planes exist in the human body?

threeA transverse plane (right) divides the body, or part of it, into top and bottom portions. Note that each of the three anatomical planes can be moved and still retain the name associated with its direction of orientation.

Does transverse mean perpendicular?

Definition: A line that cuts across two or more (usually parallel) lines. In the figure below, the line AB is a transversal. … If it crosses the parallel lines at right angles it is called a perpendicular transversal.

Is longitudinal vertical or horizontal?

As adjectives the difference between horizontal and longitudinal. is that horizontal is perpendicular to the vertical; parallel to the plane of the horizon; level, flat while longitudinal is relating to length, or to longitude.

What are the 2 major body cavities?

The cavities, or spaces, of the body contain the internal organs, or viscera. The two main cavities are called the ventral and dorsal cavities. The ventral is the larger cavity and is subdivided into two parts (thoracic and abdominopelvic cavities) by the diaphragm, a dome-shaped respiratory muscle.

Is transverse vertical or horizontal?

The transverse plane or axial plane (also called the horizontal plane or transaxial plane) is an imaginary plane that divides the body into superior and inferior parts. It is perpendicular to the coronal plane and sagittal plane.

What movement occurs in the transverse plane?

Transverse plane – passes through the middle of the body and divides the body horizontally in an upper and lower half. Rotation types of movement occur in this plane, eg hip rotation in a golf swing, twisting in a discus throw, pivoting in netball, spinning in skating.

What body part is inferior to the chest?

Both the liver and the stomach are located in the lower chest region under the thoracic diaphragm, a sheet of muscle at the bottom of the rib cage that separates the chest cavity from the abdominal cavity.