Quick Answer: Where Are The World’S Tectonic Plates?

What are the 13 major plates of the world?

MicroplatesAfrican Plate.

Lwandle Plate – A mainly oceanic tectonic microplate off the southeast coast of Africa.

Antarctic Plate.

Kerguelen Plateau – Oceanic plateau in the southern Indian Ocean.

Australian Plate.

Caribbean Plate.

Cocos Plate.

Eurasian Plate.

Nazca Plate.

North American Plate.More items….

How does the tectonic plates behave?

Plates are composed of lithosphere, about 100 km thick, that “float” on the ductile asthenosphere. … The plates behave as rigid bodies with some ability to flex, but deformation occurs mainly along the boundaries between plates. The plate boundaries can be identified because they are zones along which earthquakes occur.

How heavy is a tectonic plate?

The thickness of tectonic plates in general varies roughly in the range 100-200 km depending upon whether we are talking about oceanic or continental lithosphere; let’s call it 150 km or 1.5× 105 m. The density of lithospheric material varies in the range 2700-2900 kg m-3; we’ll use 2800 kg m-3.

Where is the world’s largest tectonic plate?

Pacific OceanThe Pacific Plate is estimated to be 103,300,000 square kilometers in size. Found underneath the Pacific Ocean, it is the largest of all tectonic plates.

How many minor tectonic plates are there?

Most of the Earth is covered by seven major plates and another eight or so minor plates. The seven major plates include the African, Antarctic, Eurasian, North American, South American, India-Australian, and the Pacific plates. Some of the minor plates include the Arabian, Caribbean, Nazca, and Scotia plates.

What are the 4 types of tectonic plate movement?

There are four types of boundaries between tectonic plates that are defined by the movement of the plates: divergent and convergent boundaries, transform fault boundaries, and plate boundary zones.

How many tectonic plates are there in India?

4The Indian tectonic plate is located in the north east hemisphere. It is bounded by 4 major tectonic plates. North of the Indian plate is the Eurasian plate, to the south east, the Australian plate, to the south west, the African plate and to the west the Arabian plate.

What is the largest and smallest tectonic plate?

Tectonic plates have a large range of sizes and thicknesses. The Pacific Plate is among the largest, while the disappearing Juan De Fuca Plate is one of the smallest. Oceanic crust is much thinner than continental crust, 5 kilometers verses 100 kilometers, relatively.

What are the 12 major tectonic plates?

Primary platesAfrican plate.Antarctic plate.Indo-Australian plate.North American plate.Pacific plate.South American plate.Eurasian plate.

How many tectonic plates are there in the world?

The Earth is made up of roughly a dozen major plates and several minor plates. The Earth is in a constant state of change. Earth’s crust, called the lithosphere, consists of 15 to 20 moving tectonic plates.

What are the smallest plates?

By far, the smallest plate in this list is the North Galapagos microplate.

What is the fastest tectonic plate?

Australia’s tectonic speed leaves cartographers behind. SYDNEY (Reuters) – Australia, which rides on the world’s fastest-moving continental tectonic plate, is heading north so quickly that map co-ordinates are now out by as much as 1.5 meters (4.9 feet), say geoscientists.

Where are the 7 major tectonics plate?

There are major, minor and micro tectonic plates. There are seven major plates: African, Antarctic, Eurasian, Indo-Australian, North American, Pacific and South American. The Hawaiian Islands were created by the Pacific Plate, which is the world’s largest plate at 39,768,522 square miles.

How fast do tectonic plates move?

They move at a rate of one to two inches (three to five centimeters) per year.

What is the smallest tectonic plate on Earth?

Juan de Fuca PlateOne of the smallest of Earth’s tectonic plates, the Juan de Fuca Plate is a remnant part of the once-vast Farallon Plate, which is now largely subducted underneath the North American Plate.

What happens when tectonic plates move?

When the plates move they collide or spread apart allowing the very hot molten material called lava to escape from the mantle. When collisions occur they produce mountains, deep underwater valleys called trenches, and volcanoes. … The Earth is producing “new” crust where two plates are diverging or spreading apart.

How do we know the tectonic plates are moving?

The most obvious manifestation of moving plates are earthquakes. These can occur in volcanoes or (small ones) by artificial explosions. But the vast majority of the world’s earthquakes are caused by sudden movement on faults. … These rely on detecting movement averaged out over several years.

What happens if two tectonic plates collide?

If two tectonic plates collide, they form a convergent plate boundary. Usually, one of the converging plates will move beneath the other, a process known as subduction. … The new magma (molten rock) rises and may erupt violently to form volcanoes, often building arcs of islands along the convergent boundary.