Quick Answer: Why Are Surgical Site Infections Important?

Why is it important to prevent surgical site infections?

The purpose of using surgical antimicrobial prophylaxis is to reduce the microbial burden of intraoperative contamination.

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Optimal surgical prophylaxis must take into consideration whether or not the patient wants to receive the antibiotic..

What is surgical site infection?

A surgical site infection (SSI) is an infection that occurs after surgery in the part of the body where the surgery took place. Surgical site infections can sometimes be superficial infections involving the skin only.

How do you prevent surgical site infections?

Use Basic Prevention Strategies from Category IA Center for Disease Control RecommendationsExclude patients with prior infections.Stop patient tobacco use prior to surgery.Apply sterile dressing for 24–48 hr.Shower with antiseptic soap.Provide positive pressure ventilation in OR with at least 15 air changes/hr.More items…

What is the most important risk factor for developing surgical site infections?

A number of risk factors are known to increase the risk for SSIs, including obesity, advanced age, diabetes mellitus, malnutrition, prolonged preoperative stay, infection at a remote site, duration of surgery, surgery technique, presence of drains, inappropriate use of antimicrobial prophylaxis, perioperative …

What is the national average for surgical site infections?

The estimated annual incidence of SSIs in the U.S. ranges from 160,000 to 300,000, and the estimated annual cost ranges from $3.5 billion to $10 billion. On average, a surgical site infection increases the hospital length of stay by 9.7 days, according to studies cited in the guidelines.

Why do surgical site infections occur?

Infections after surgery are caused by germs. The most common of these include the bacteria Staphylococcus, Streptococcus, and Pseudomonas.

What are the signs of an infection after surgery?

Call your provider if your surgical wound has any signs of infection:Pus or drainage.Bad smell coming from the wound.Fever, chills.Hot to touch.Redness.Pain or sore to touch.

What are the 3 methods of infection control?

There are three types of transmission-based precautions: contact, droplet, and airborne. Contact precautions are used in addition to standard precautions when caring for patients with known or suspected diseases that are spread by direct or indirect contact.

How often do surgical site infections occur?

SSIs occur in 2% to 4% of all patients undergoing inpatient surgical procedures. Although most infections are treatable with antibiotics, SSIs remain a significant cause of morbidity and mortality after surgery.

Who prevents surgical site infection?

The 2016 World Health Organization (WHO) Global guidelines for the prevention of surgical site infection (SSI) are evidence-based and unique in that they are the first global guidelines of this sort, are based on systematic reviews and present additional information in support of actions to improve practice.

How long does a surgical site infection take to heal?

When do these infections develop? A surgical wound infection can develop at any time from 2-3 days after surgery until the wound has visibly healed (usually 2-3 weeks after the operation). Very occasionally, an infection can occur several months after an operation.

How do you treat a surgical wound infection?

Care for surgical wound infections will usually require antibiotic therapy. Over-the-counter or prescription pain killers may also be recommended. Depending on the infection, the doctor may need to remove the sutures and drain the wound. A debridement procedure may be necessary to remove dead tissue preventing healing.

How long does it take for a surgical incision to heal?

How long does healing take? Healing depends on your general health and the type of surgery you had. Large or deep surgery incisions can take 6 to 8 weeks to heal. People with medical problems or prescribed certain medications may take longer.

What is the most important part of treatment for a surgical site infection?

Most surgical site infections can be treated with antibiotics. The antibiotic given to you depends on the bacteria (germs) causing the infection. Sometimes patients with SSIs also need another surgery to treat the infection.

What does an infected surgical incision look like?

Swelling/hardening of the incision: An infected incision may begin to harden8 as the tissue underneath are inflamed. The incision itself may begin to appear swollen or puffy as well. Redness: An incision that gets red, or has red streaks radiating from it to the surrounding skin may be infected.

What are the surgical risk factors?

Understanding potential risk factors will help you and your physician anesthesiologist prepare for a safer surgery.Obesity. … Age. … Smoking. … Sleep Apnea. … Anesthesia Awareness (Waking Up) During Surgery.

Which factor increases the risk of wound infection?

Risk factors for surgical wound infections include diabetes, emergency procedures, smoking, severe obesity, altered immune function, malnutrition, low body temperature, and long operation times.

What antibiotic is used for surgical site infection?

Ceftriaxone was the most 76 (84.5%) prescribed agent for prophylaxis. Twenty-seven (20.6%) patients developed surgical site infection.