What Are The Principles Of Mātauranga Māori?

Why is NZ called Aotearoa?

Aotearoa is the Maori name for the country of New Zealand.

The literal translation of Aotearoa is “land of the long white cloud”.

The Treaty guaranteed Maori full possession of their land in exchange for their recognition of British sovereignty..

Why is the head Tapu?

In the past, tohunga (sacred men possessing spiritual powers) and others of high tapu would often be avoided as their tapu was so powerful that contact with them was dangerous for anyone of lower level. The head is the most sacred part of the body.

What is Kaupapa Māori theory?

Kaupapa Māori theory is based on a number of key principles. … This principle asserts the centrality and legitimacy of Te Reo Māori, Tīkanga and Mātauranga Māori. Within a Kaupapa Māori paradigm, these Māori ways of knowing, doing and understanding the world are considered valid in their own right.

What was the main function of a Māori whanau?

The historical whānau a social and economic unit responsible for the management of daily domestic life, production and consumption. the lowest tier in a system of socio-political groups defined by descent through common ancestors traced through links of both sexes (the middle tier was hapū and the highest tier was iwi) …

What are tikanga practices?

Generally speaking, tikanga are Māori customary practices or behaviours. The concept is derived from the Māori word ‘tika’ which means ‘right’ or ‘correct’ so, in Māori terms, to act in accordance with tikanga is to behave in a way that is culturally proper or appropriate.

What is the old name of New Zealand?

New Zealand (Māori: Aotearoa [aɔˈtɛaɾɔa]) is an island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean.

What year did te reo Maori become an official language?

1987Māori was made an official language of New Zealand under the Maori Language Act 1987. There are now many institutions, most set up since the 1980s, working to recover te reo.

What do you call a New Zealander?

“Kiwi” (/ˈkiwi/ KEE-wee) is a common self-reference used by New Zealanders, though it is also used internationally. Unlike many demographic labels, its usage is not considered offensive; rather, it is generally viewed as a symbol of pride and endearment for the people of New Zealand.

More people play football than any other sport in New Zealand. Netball is the most popular women’s sport, enjoying strong support from grassroots level right up to our world-leading national team, the Silver Ferns. Men’s basketball is increasingly popular and both men and women enjoy field hockey.

What does Pepeha mean?

way of introducing yourself in MāoriPepeha is a way of introducing yourself in Māori. It tells people who you are by sharing your connections with the people and places that are important to you.

What is Mātauranga Māori?

The term mātauranga Māori literally means Māori knowledge and is closely aligned to the period of pre-European contact as it encompasses traditional concepts of knowledge and knowing that Māori ancestors brought with them to Aotearoa/New Zealand.

What is taonga mean?

Taonga (taoka in South Island Māori) is a Māori language word which refers to a treasured possession in Māori culture. … Intangible examples may include language and spiritual beliefs.

What creates treasure?

Treasure is a collection of valuable old objects such as gold coins and jewels that has been hidden or lost. … Treasures are valuable objects, especially works of art and items of historical value.

What is the definition of Jewellery?

Jewellery or jewelry (American English; see spelling differences) consists of decorative items worn for personal adornment, such as brooches, rings, necklaces, earrings, pendants, bracelets, and cufflinks. Jewellery may be attached to the body or the clothes. … Jewellery may be made from a wide range of materials.

What is the difference between tikanga and kawa?

What is Tikanga and Kawa? Te Reo Māori is the kawa. … Kawa is the policy and tikanga are the procedures on how the policy is realised. To put it simply, kawa is what we do, tikanga is how we do it.

What is bicultural practice?

Bicultural individuals identify with core elements of their culture of origin as well as the dominant culture. Bicultural individuals successfully integrate into and participate in important aspects of both cultures, values, and belief systems.

What is kaupapa whanau?

Kaupapa-based whānau share a common bond, other than descent, it may be geographical location or a shared purpose. Kaupapa-based Whānau are important in their contribution to Māori educational outcomes, perhaps through provision of social support, peer tutoring or through support of the Māori language.