What Is The Medical Term For The Common Cold?

Is a cold a virus or bacteria?

Bacterial vs viral infection Examples of bacterial infections include whooping cough, strep throat, ear infection and urinary tract infection (UTI).

Viral infections include the common cold, flu, most coughs and bronchitis, chickenpox and HIV/AIDS..

Which condition means inflammation of the mucous membranes of the nose or a common cold?

Catarrh is inflammation of the mucous membranes in one of the airways or cavities of the body, usually with reference to the throat and paranasal sinuses.

What is the diagnostic test used to evaluate the ability of the lungs to take in and expel air?

SpirometrySpirometry is the most common lung function test. It measures how much and how quickly you can move air out of your lungs. You breathe into a mouthpiece attached to a machine called a spirometer.

How do you kill a cold virus?

Cold remedies that workStay hydrated. Water, juice, clear broth or warm lemon water with honey helps loosen congestion and prevents dehydration. … Rest. Your body needs rest to heal.Soothe a sore throat. … Combat stuffiness. … Relieve pain. … Sip warm liquids. … Try honey. … Add moisture to the air.More items…

Why do viruses thrive in winter?

The virus lives longer indoors in winter, because the air is less humid than outside. While it’s alive and in the air, it’s easy for people to inhale it, or for it to land on the eyes, nose, or mouth. We spend more time indoors and have closer contact with each other, which makes it easier for the virus to spread.

What is the fastest way to get rid of a upper respiratory infection?

To make yourself as comfortable as possible when you have a cold, Langer suggests trying to:Drink plenty of fluids. … Eat chicken soup. … Rest. … Adjust your room’s temperature and humidity. … Soothe your throat. … Use saline nasal drops. … Take over-the-counter cold and cough medications.

How do you know if a cold is viral or bacterial?

The symptoms of a bacterial infection and a virus are often very similar—fever, muscle aches, cough, and sore throat—but they require different treatments….Make an appointment if you have:Symptoms that last more than 10 days.Recurring fevers.Shortness of breath.Excessive yellow or green mucus.

What is the medical term for the common cold quizlet?

coryza (URC) inflammation of the respiratory mucous membranes, known as rhinitis or the common cold. -common cold is usually used when referring to symptoms of a upper respiratory tract infection.

Where does the cold virus come from?

Common Cold Virus Came From Birds About 200 Years Ago, Study Suggests. Summary: A virus that causes cold-like symptoms in humans originated in birds and may have crossed the species barrier around 200 years ago, according to an article in the Journal of General Virology.

Does the cold weaken your immune system?

Some of this may have to do with a few infectious organisms, like flu viruses, thriving in colder temperatures, but there’s also evidence that exposure to cold temperatures suppresses the immune system, so the opportunities for infection increase.

What are the five most common respiratory infections?

The Top 8 Respiratory Illnesses and DiseasesAsthma. … Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) … Chronic Bronchitis. … Emphysema. … Lung Cancer. … Cystic Fibrosis/Bronchiectasis. … Pneumonia. … Pleural Effusion.More items…•

What is the space between the lungs called?

pleural cavityThe pleural cavity is the potential space between the two pleurae (visceral-parietal) of the lungs. The pleura is a serous membrane which folds back onto itself to form a two-layered membrane structure.

How much air should your lungs hold?

How much air they hold is called lung capacity and varies with a person’s size, age, gender and respiratory health. The maximum amount of air an average adult male’s lungs can hold is about six liters (that’s the same as about three large soda bottles).

What are the 5 stages of cold?

More videos on YouTubeStage 1: Onset. It’s roughly 1-3 days since you came into contact with a cold virus and your body is starting to show mild symptoms like mild fatigue, runny or stuffy nose, and a sore throat. … Stage 2: Progression. … Stage 3: Peak. … Stage 4: Remission. … Stage 5: Recovery.

What is the meaning of common cold?

The common cold is a viral infection of your nose and throat (upper respiratory tract). It’s usually harmless, although it might not feel that way. Many types of viruses can cause a common cold.

Can you have a respiratory infection without a fever?

Pneumonia is a respiratory infection where the tiny air sacs in your lungs become inflamed and filled with fluid. It can range in severity from mild to life-threatening. Although fever is a common symptom of pneumonia, in some cases you can have pneumonia without a fever.

How do lungs work properly?

A spirometry test measures how healthy your lungs are and can be used to help diagnose and monitor lung conditions. During the test, you will breathe out as much air as you can, as hard as you can, into a device called a spirometer.